Article 1 - Telecommuting
Who has never heard of telecommuting? This mode of management is very popular around the world. For the case of France, According to a study conducted by the LBMG Worklab firm on 20 companies, there would be at least 12% of teleworkers. They are more than 2 million employees to promote this practice since 2006. To know that teleworking requires an iron discipline and a touch of essential qualities. Zoom in on the advantages and disadvantages of this rather attractive corporate culture.
Where does telecommuting come from ?
Before highlighting the benefits and drawbacks of teleworking, let's take a look at the history of this working method. Originally from the United States, teleworking consists of carrying out professional tasks remotely. Whether at home or in a coworking place, the employee is able to work, as long as he has access to the internet.
It was in 1950 that this concept first appeared in America by the mathematician Norbert Wiener. The latter tells the story of an architect who remotely supervised the construction of a building in the United States, using data communications. And it was not until 2002 that millions of teleworkers were recruited in Europe.
Teleworking for a better lifestyle
Teleworking brings multiple benefits to employees and employers. Teleworkers are known to be less stressed. Yes, less stress, because they are entitled to a more suitable environment, from a professional, family and personal point of view. No need to rush to take the metro and reach the office, because everything is done at home.
This lack of travel leads the employee to be more efficient and productive. What is more, being teleworked allows you to better manage daily life. Thanks to flexibility, people devote more time to their families and their passions. This allows them to have a quiet and stress free lifestyle.
Like a feeling of freedom
In addition to the “zen attitude”, teleworking inspires a real feeling of freedom. As long as the job is done, everything is going like clockwork. The teleworker may allow himself the right to sleep an hour or two more than others, to sit comfortably in front of his computer and make way for a good day's work. Concretely, the employee demonstrates that he can be both autonomous and productive.
Better yet, the latter is not distracted by his colleagues. This spaced environment leads to a good professional performance and arouses a real feeling of empowerment, without any overload of activity. The employee is free to determine his working hours and to establish his own work plan.
A corporate culture to favor
Teleworking is a big money saver for employers. Teleworkers are not the only ones to benefit from the advantages of this relocation. For businesses, allowing employees to work from home saves them money. No need to pay for workspace rental, maintenance fees and transportation costs.
And as productivity increases, absenteeism rates are reduced completely. Exchanges between colleagues are richer and the causes of distractions such as phone calls and chatting are wiped off the table. In short, teleworking is a corporate culture to favor, if you want to save money.
Article 2 - COVID 2019
Covid19. What is it about ??
The Covi 19 virus, which broke out on December 29, 2019 in the Chinese province of Wuhan, ended up overwhelming the rest of the world, causing panic, anguish and confusion and subjecting hundreds of millions of people to confinement and sedentarization forced. This pandemic, totally unpredictable and undetectable, struck in the North before the Great South and enshrines a “globalization of fear”. It shakes all our certainties and causes a feeling of helplessness and resignation and a questioning of the capacity of States to manage and overcome an unprecedented crisis.
The reaction of the affected states, initially minimalist, has grown in content and intensity with the passing days and the exponential increase in the number of victims. As for the consequences of the virus at the national and international levels, it is premature to assess them, given the uncertainties surrounding its duration, its severity and its impact on the various sectors of economic and social life.
But, already, a great recession is inevitable and the figures put forward by the World Bank (WB) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in terms of thousands of millions of dollars are alarming and risked to fall. 'increase over the coming weeks and months. Faced with this epidemiological situation, States and international organizations have adopted measures which have been strengthened as the virus progresses vertically and as the level of affectation in neighboring countries grows.
Covid-19, a threat to international peace and security?
The Corona virus has left humanity helpless and helpless to deal with it. States reacted in dispersed ranks, without any coordination, and international organizations limited themselves to alerting States and urging them to take the necessary measures to face the pandemic. If the UN Secretary General was among the first to “declare war” on this virus, the Security Council was conspicuous by his absence, whereas previously it had adopted resolutions qualifying HIV and Ebola as threats. to international peace and security. This crisis is a reminder of the need to put in place a global system to respond to crises in the area of global health.
The Day After
Beyond its financial, economic and political consequences, the current crisis has consecrated the comeback of the state as a provider of health, security and, sometimes, of means of subsistence, by forcing citizens to agree to a draconian regime of confinement and a significant limitation of their freedoms.
At the same time, it tested the capacity of States to face an invisible and sneaky enemy who exposed the failures and unsuspected limits of health systems, even among the most developed and the best equipped in the field. world. In order to restore their authority and their image, States will be tempted by withdrawal and isolationism and a questioning of the orientation of their economic policy to reduce their vulnerabilities and ensure their self-sufficiency, through relocation, control of their value chains and internal investments. Paradoxically, the crisis has also demonstrated the interdependence between states due to globalization and the need to reform the latter's mechanisms to make it more equitable.
It has, finally, allowed China - even if in the eyes of some, this country bears a heavy responsibility in the spread of the pandemic - to assert itself as a nation with a know-how that has made the district possible. of the epidemic and to present itself as a power to be reckoned with in the coming years. If we agree that there will be a before and a post-Covid 19, it is difficult to predict the direction and the scope of the dynamics of adjustment or change to the system of global governance that will arise. gradually in place after the disappearance of the aftermath of the pandemic: Will we move towards an enhancement and reconfiguration of the multilateral system, in a sense of inclusiveness, solidarity and equity or, will we give in to the sirens of withdrawal nationalist who will only exacerbate the divides between nations?
Article 3 - 5G
5G : Everything you need to know about future networks
Everyone is talking about 5G. We will have an extraordinary and incredible technological future. However, when 4G has not been deployed anywhere, it's hard to imagine what the connected world will look like in 5G. In order to see more clearly, we tell you everything about the future network.
5G : How does it work
5G is expected to be based in part on millimeter waves. Currently, the French army uses these radio waves, but these frequencies will be reallocated to the operators during the auction. In accordance with ARCEP regulations on its website, a 3.4-3.8 GHz frequency selection process was also initiated on December 31, 2019. Most operators should integrate their 4G and 5G networks to obtain the as continuous experience as possible. In addition to increasing speed, the goal of 5G should also be to reduce wait time as much as possible. The infrastructure should be based on fiber optic networks and cache servers as close as possible to the users:
If the current network loss did not cause much impact, the future 5G outage could result in a very serious car accident. In big cities, because millions of connected objects are concentrated in a small area, blackouts will soon occur. Consequently, several solutions are envisaged to satisfy this constraint. First, the small base stations which we discussed above. The operation is simple: a large 5G antenna far from the urban area distributes the signal to several smaller antennas located in the city center, as described above.
5G: Latency reduced to the maximum
The main problem with 5G is latency: trying to reduce it to less than a millisecond is revolutionizing the use of wireless. For example, a future wireless virtual reality headset can be used, which sends 4K images to each eye and brings smooth and pleasant experience. The delay time makes navigation more responsive and helps to increase the bit rate.
Minimal energy consumption
Another problem with 5G is that it will have to connect all devices. Smartphones and PCs are always connected, including a large number of low-power connection objects. They require particularly economical modules to avoid too much impact on the battery. The first batch of 5G modems, Qualcomm X50 and Balong 5000 have not yet reached this goal. They are heat-generating components, so too much energy is wasted, like on battery-powered weather stations. But it is the direction of research and development.
The agreement behind 5G is also very important
Finally, we can say that the most important thing is that 5G will put an end to the neutral network. Now whether you are connected to a smartphone, tablet or smart watch, you can manage apps in the same way on the network. Tomorrow, with the advent of 5G, there will be a priority system, depending on the application. There won't be one, but several 5Gs. Each application should use the most appropriate radio frequency and protocol. For example, it is not necessary to connect to the fastest frequency for an application that gives the weather.
Article 4 - IOT
The Internet Of Things, A Booming Market
Internet of Things is a term you've heard over the past few months. But do you really know what he means? The Internet of Things connects billions of objects and billions of people. Now it is considered to be one of the most powerful tools for creating, modifying and sharing countless information. In fact, the Internet of Things aims to allow objects to interact with each other and with people. It should become the engine of a major change in personal life by democratizing new uses and services in the field of transport. However, Internet of Things experts estimate that only 1% of its potential is used today. Therefore, compare it with the future Internet.
By 2020, the Gartner Institute projects more than 50 billion connected objects in the market. You might as well say that we are witnessing a real digital revolution that will radically change our lifestyles.
For the moment, in the field of the General Public, the IoT is still a lot of gadgetry but brings more and more value to its users. In the B2B sector, the fields of application are multiplying and promise a meteoric boom, particularly in energy management in buildings, in the fields of industry, agriculture, security, transport or still health.
And even if, today it is impossible to imagine what the Internet of Things has in store for us, its democratization is underway!
How does the IOT work?
The Internet of Things is mainly used with sensors and connected objects placed in / on the physical infrastructure. These sensors will then transmit data which will be transmitted via the wireless network of the IoT platform. They can therefore be analyzed and enriched to get the most out of them. These data visualization and management platforms are new IoT solutions that enable territories, businesses and even users to analyze data and draw conclusions in order to adapt to practice and behavior.
As you can see, the Internet of Things is closely related to connected objects because they have the ability to capture data and send it through the Internet or other technologies. Connected objects interact with the environment thanks to sensors: temperature, speed, humidity, vibrations ... In the Internet of Things, objects can be vehicles, industrial machines or even parking lots.
Dans l'Internet des objets, les objets peuvent être des véhicules, des machines industrielles ou même des parkings.
The Internet Of Things uses data to make things intelligent.
Indeed, data is the real gold mine of the Internet of Things. Of course, as long as it's captured and converted into smart data. The raw data, the analysis of temperature, vibrations, humidity ... aim to make them usable. With this in mind, connected objects are:
Instrumentation : they collect and integrate data in real time
Interconnection : share them with other information systems via a wireless network
Smart : Analyze and enrich them to help users, businesses and institutions make decisions.
Article 5 - Industry 4.0
What is Industry 4.0 ?
In recent years, the media have covered many topics regarding the transformation called "Industry 4.0". However, many entrepreneurs don't really know what it is. In addition to the concepts people are talking about, you should also know that the transition to Industry 4.0 can increase your productivity.
Industry 4.0 is the latest development in manufacturing. Over the past 250 years, several industrial revolutions have changed the way goods are made. Like previous mechanization, electrification, automation and globalization, this "Fourth Industrial Revolution" is expected to have a huge impact on the way we produce and sell products.
Recent technological developments have made digital technology more affordable, user-friendly and powerful than ever. Now, businesses of all sizes are making it easier and cheaper to invest in these technologies.
In addition, several studies (including one by BDC) have shown that the productivity gains achieved through technology 4.0 will ultimately create such a significant advantage that companies that do not act will find it difficult to compete with other companies.
What are the main applications of Industry 4.0 ?
The applications of Industry 4.0 are extremely varied in terms of cost and complexity. Here are some examples of common applications that may be of interest to your business.
Scan your business documents (work instructions, forms, purchase orders, packing slips, product specifications, etc.) to save time and money and reduce errors caused by incorrect or outdated data.
Monitor and control machines and equipment in real time
Install wireless sensors on your machines and equipment to monitor production and collect data in real time. This will allow you to accurately monitor your production, identify and correct problems and make more informed strategic decisions. This is called the Industrial Internet of Things.
Introduce smart processes
Use machines that can analyze their own data to predict when their maintenance needs to be done; some can even make an appointment with a technician. Advanced control technologies assess quality in real time during production and intervene when defects need to be corrected.
Integrate Computer Networks
Use the Internet to connect with your customers, suppliers and business partners. You can do this using an extranet or an Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) system for business-to-business commerce, and a transactional website for consumer commerce.
Explore data using advanced analysis software to identify the best production and maintenance scenarios, and use them to improve production and get the most out of your assets.
Experiment with 3D Printing
Use 3D printers to quickly prototype, fabricate complex shapes, and create highly customized products to your customers' specifications.
Connect your products to the Internet
Equip your products with sensors to monitor usage. Use it to notify your customers when it's time for maintenance and to alert them to any issues. You can also use smart products to add services based on usage, to move to a product-as-a-service business model, or to develop innovative new products.
How can companies benefit from Industry 4.0 ?
Industry 4.0 gives you the information you need to make the right decisions for your business. Digital technologies can help you maximize your productivity, predict your cash flow, and know when to stock up on more inventory. They even tell you who to send your marketing emails to.
Reduce operating costs :
The BDC survey found that 50% of digital technology adopters say it has helped them lower their operating costs.
The study shows that these savings can be generated by:
- real-time production and quality control monitoring to reduce waste and rework;
- preventative maintenance to prevent costly repairs and unplanned downtime;
- increased automation to reduce labor costs and improve workflow;
- the use of 3D printers to speed up prototyping, reduce design costs, and speed time to market.
Gain a competitive advantage
Digital technologies can provide an advantage in competitive markets and have a significant impact on growth.
For example, a food processor that has made its systems accessible to a multinational retailer can then place orders from a secure platform and choose which warehouse to source from. The logistics department then ships the product and then invoices the customer. The entire process is automated, reducing paperwork, improving turnaround times and maximizing customer satisfaction.
By using it to provide better services, businesses are more competitive in their market.
Integrating digital technologies into your business can take time and effort, but it can pay off a lot for companies that use data to make strategic decisions.
At first, entrepreneurs are often overwhelmed with all the data they get and are not sure where to start.
Business owners can first define what data they need to collect and then how often it needs to be reviewed.
Information out of context is useless, but learn how to analyze it properly and you can use it to make the right decision.
If you don't have the right information, you'll be relying on your intuition to make decisions. This is not always the best way to go.